Authors: Xianfeng Yang, Gang-Len Chang, Saed Rahwanji
Conference: 92th TRB Annual Meeting in 2013
Unconventional Design: DDI
- Developed a set of planning models for DDI geometry design based on the estimated maximal queue length for each link.
- Developed a signal optimization plan for DDI to achieve signal progressions.
As one of the most popular unconventional interchange designs, diverging diamond intersection (DDI) has received increasing attention over the past decade. This study, responding to the needs, has produced a reliable and convenient system for traffic engineers to perform operational analysis of DDI. The entire system comprises three modules for planning analysis, signal optimization, and operational evaluation. At the planning stage, this system presents a set of empirical equations for engineers to compute the overall interchange delay and identify the potential queue spillback locations in a DDI design. The second module aims to provide the optimal signal plans to prevent the potential queue blockage. This module is unique in its consideration of the interdependent relations between queues at a DDI’s closely-spaced intersections, and the impacts by both geometrical constraints and traffic volumes. Given the traffic volumes, geometrical features, and signal timings, the system’s third module provides users to link a VISSIM-based simulation model to estimate the resulting traffic queues and interchange delays. Numerical analysis with four real-world DDI designs has revealed the effectiveness of the proposed system.