Authors: Ning Yang, Gang-Len Chang, and Kyeong-Pyo Kang
Journal: Journal of Transportation Engineering, 2007
This paper presents a new lane-based signal merge (LBSM) control system for freeway work zone operations. The proposed system applies the signal control concept to regulate the vehicles passing the work zone area at a lane-by-lane basis and offers an effective way to maximize the operational efficiency as well as safety. Introduction of the preliminary configuration and principal components associated with the proposed LBSM control contribute the core of this study.
To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed system, this study has also conducted extensive simulation experiments, based on a freeway simulator calibrated with real-world work zone data. The experimental results show that under heavily congested traffic conditions the LBSM can outperform all existing control strategies with respect to the work zone throughput, the average vehicle delay, the average stop delay, and the average number of stops. This study has also investigated critical traffic flow related factors that may impact on the performance of such a system.