Authors: Xianfeng Yang, Gang-Len Chang, and Saed Rahwanji
Journal: Journal of Transportation Engineering 2014
Unconventional Design: DDI
Purpose: Developed a signal optimization model for DDI to achieve proper signal progressions.
As one of the most popular unconventional interchange designs, diverging diamond intersection (DDI) has received increased attention over the past decade. Through a reverse operation of traffic movements between its two crossover intersections, DDI can accommodate more traffic movements within each phase. To design an effective signal plan for DDIs, one needs to address the following two critical issues: (1) how to select the common cycle length and green splits at each crossover intersection under different geometric conditions, and (2) how to coordinate a DDI’s two crossover intersections with its adjacent conventional intersections. To contend with these issues, this paper presents an optimization model with the objective of maximizing intersection capacity to yield the optimal green splits and cycle length.
Also, in view of the potentially large left-turn traffic volumes from the freeway off-ramps, this study has further modified a model to provide progressions to both left-turn and through traffic paths. Using simulation software as an unbiased tool, this study has conducted extensive simulation comparisons between the optimized signal plans and the results from signal optimization software under various traffic scenarios. The experimental results confirm the promising properties of the proposed signal models for DDI, especially if the traffic progression between two crossover intersections is the major concern.