Authors: Hyeonmi Kim, Woon Kim, Gang-Len Chang and Steve M. Rochon
Conference: Transportation Research Board, 2014
Abstract: This study presents a model for optimizing the deployment locations of emergency response units. Unlike most existing studies, the proposed model is designed to assign the available units to minimize the total delay caused by incidents, rather than just to minimize their average response times. The proposed model with the Maryland incident data outperforms both the popular p-median model and the current practice. Extensive sensitivity analyses with respect to various traffic volumes and incident frequencies have also confirmed the superior performance of the proposed model with respect to minimizing the total delay caused by incidents.